“Aquatic Caterpillars, Snout Moths”
“Alderflies, Dobsonflies, and Fishflies”
“Dragonflies and Damselflies”
“Large Crane Flies”
Until recently, Tipulidae included all species of "crane flies." As now more strictly defined, this widespread family includes at least 53 species in North America. Larvae of some species are terrestrial, but aquatic larvae inhabit quiet areas of streams and shores of lakes, burrowing in the soil, often among roots, shredding living and dead plant material.
Shredder / Detritivore
Head Capsule Sclerotized and Mostly Retracted
Lobed Posterior Spiracles with Hair
Mandibles Moving Horizontally
+ Expanded Character List
Order: Wings and wing pads absent. Eye spots sometimes visible, but compound eyes absent. Segmented legs absent, but sometimes fleshy prolegs present. Sometimes with distinct head, often without head or with head drawn deeply into thorax. Body flattened, cylindrical, or maggot-like.
Family: Larvae lacking fleshy projections on thoracic and abdominal segments. Posterior spiracular disc bordered by 6 (rarely 8) lobes (2 dorsal, 2 dorsolateral, 2 ventral); lobes usually subconical, sometimes short and blunt. As for all crane flies, adults usually large, with long legs and V-shaped sutures on top of mesothorax, but terminal segment of each maxillary palp longer than previous 2 segments combined and antennae each 13-segmented.